The 2019 and 2020 Stella Counts crash through the gender parity barrier
For the first time since it started in 2012, representation of women authors in Australian book reviews is on par with that of their male counterparts, the latest reports from Stella reveal. This is a huge milestone for the trailblazing Stella Count, crashing through the gender gap in books and reviews in Australia.
The Stella Count is the leading statistical analysis of gender bias in the field of book reviewing in Australia. The Count surveys 12 Australian publications – including national, metropolitan, and regional newspapers, journals and magazines – collecting and interpreting data on the gender of authors and reviewers, length of review, and genre of books reviewed.
The data is analysed by researchers from Monash University and The Australian National University (ANU).
The 2019 and 2020 Stella Counts – delayed by the impacts of COVID – are Stella’s eighth and ninth consecutive quantitative studies conducted, and demonstrate the organisation’s commitment to evidence-based research in driving gender equality and cultural change in Australian literature.
For the first time in Stella Count history – and possibly in Australian reviewing history – the 2019 and 2020 Counts see the representation of women authors in Australian book reviews reach, and exceed, parity with their male counterparts.
The 2019 Count showed 53% of books reviewed in Australian publications were by women, with this trend increasing to 55% in 2020. In both the 2019 and 2020 Stella Counts, nine out of 12 publications surveyed reviewed more books by women than by men.
A comparison to the U.S and U.K. – in which the 2019 VIDA Count revealed that only two out of 15 publications included reviewed more women authors than male authors – indicates that Australia may now have one of the most gender equitable book reviewing landscapes in the world.
Principal researcher, Dr Melinda Harvey (Monash University) says of the findings:
“For the first time in the history of the Stella Count, the 2019 and 2020 data tells us that more books by women authors than by men authors are being reviewed in Australia’s book pages. This is a milestone to be celebrated because equal access to book reviews will make a genuine difference to the lives and reputations of Australian women authors.”
Stella’s Executive Director, Jaclyn Booton, says of the findings:
“In 2022 Stella celebrates its tenth anniversary. As we reflect on our impact to date, results like the Stella Count show that sustained, targeted accountability measures do work in driving systemic change. We are thrilled to be presenting these findings and look forward to a brighter, more equitable future for Australian women and non-binary writers.”
On the work still to be done in the Australian reviewing sector, principal researcher Dr Julieanne Lamond (ANU) says:
“Gender bias is insidious: peel back the layers and you find it is still in residence elsewhere. Our data shows that books authored by men remain more likely to receive the sustained attention of long book reviews than books authored by women, and that men reviewers are more likely to write them. This means that men continue to dominate the most prestigious review space in this country.”
In 2019 and 2020, non-binary authors were also counted in the data for the first time, bringing the Count into line with the Stella Prize which has expanded its eligibility guidelines to include non-binary authors. Using self-identification as a guide, books by non-binary authors accounted for <1% of the total number of reviews published.
On the inclusion of non-binary authors in the Count, Dr Harvey says:
“Attempting to count non-binary authors is an important step towards recognising the gender diversity that actually exists in the Australian literary field.”
With research delayed by COVID-19, the 2019/2020 Stella Count also inadvertently tells an interesting story about the impacts of the pandemic on book reviewing in Australia – with the 2020 Count showing the total number of books reviewed across Australian publications dropped by 15%.
The publications reviewed in the 2019/2020 Stella Count include:
- The Advertiser
- The Australian (Weekend Review)
- Australian Book Review
- Australian Financial Review – Magazine
- The Mercury
- The Monthly
- The Saturday Age/SMH
- The Saturday Paper
- Sydney Review of Books
- The West Australian
The Stella Count 2019/2020 analysis was written by Melinda Harvey (Monash University) and Julieanne Lamond (Australian National University).
The 2019/2020 Stella Count is supported by funding from the Australia Council for the Arts.
Harvey, M. and Lamond, J. (2022) Stella Count 2019/2020, The Stella Prize.